Woodworking Basics: Complete Woodworking Beginner's Guide in New Zealand

Published Jan 07, 22
6 min read

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“I’m not a great wizard of woodworking despite what television might tell you. Whenever possible, one of the trickiest things about building a seat, for example, or any four-legged item like a table is that if anything is off by the slightest fraction, your table or your chair’s going to wobble.

“The peg is what we call a tenon in what way you may have heard of as a mortise and tenon joint. woodworking projects. If you make that peg on top of your leg, that’s your tenon and if you drill a hole through the seat, that’s your mortise. That technology is applicable in many applications in woodworking.

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“Or the modern-day mentality would have you reaching for your electric, like Random Orbit Sanders, to smooth it down. One of those funny things about modern life is it seems clear that this loud spinning sanding tool must be more efficacious than this old-fashioned hand push sled. It took me years to learn this because I started in scenery shops where I can sculpt you an automobile with an orbital sander.

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Once you get into woodworking and you master the chisel and the hand plane and the spokeshave, all which rely on finely-sharpened steel edges, as long as you know how to sharpen your tools well, it actually is often at least as fast, if not faster, to take the electricity out of the equation.” Woodworking isn’t so much something you master, as much as it is a practice you devote yourself to knowing that each piece of wood will behave differently, and not everything will work the way you want it to each and every time.

“Something that I still do to this day after decades of woodworking is if I’m making a new piece, I can take my time and I can figure out how to make any joinery I need to thanks to all the woodworkers, the clever women and men who came before me who made countless mistakes in order to say, ‘Okay.

Do you want to start building projects, but have no idea where to start? In this guide, I'll walk you through the tools you need and the basic steps we take to build almost any project. What are the Basic Tools I Need to Get Started? You only need about $150-$200 in tools to get started with building projects.

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If this is the case, you'll need to invest in a few more select tools. What Saw Does What and Why? There's three main saws that I use regularly - the jigsaw, circular saw, and the miter saw. - Jigsaws are saws with a small blade that moves up and down (similar to a hand saw motion) to cut wood.

Since the blade is only attached at the top with the bottom of the blade free, the resulting cut may be beveled or rough, so it is not ideal for making straight cuts. Jigsaws are generally easy to use. A good blade appropriate for your material and clamping the wood down will help make cutting even easier.

A miter saw is a game changer in making home built furniture. The down side is you can't cut wood bigger than the miter saw deck (usually about 12") so you still need that circular saw for cutting plywood panels. How Do I Attach the Wood? What Type of Fastener Do I Need? Most of the plans on this website use three basic construction methods, or a combination of the three.

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Here are the three tools required for these different construction methods. - I use the Ryobi 18 Volt Drill (it shares a battery with the brad nailer) - woodworking gifts. The drill used to create a variety of joints, with the most basic a simple screw. If fastening a project with screws, I recommend self tapping screws with a star bit.

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Easy to hide. Not as strong as screws and may pull out over time. Longer nails tend to stray. Can be difficult to hold some joints together while attaching. Do not use to attach 2x boards to anything. Screws Fast and strong, works well when attaching 2x material together. Best for outdoor projects or workshop projects.

May split wood or require predrilling. Can be difficult to hold joint together while attaching. Difficult to attach into end grain of 1x board without splitting (woodworking for beginners). Kreg Jig Easy, precise and fast. Hidden screw joint but still same strength as screws. Not attaching into end grain. Easy to hold boards while making joint.

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Pocket hole screws are more expensive than nails and take an extra predrilling step. Sometimes not ideal when joining small pieces of wood or angled cuts. Most of our plans give recommendations on what type of construction method to use and where. Detailed Woodworking Plans.... We also try to give alternatives to fit different tool sets.

As you build, you'll develop a sense for when you should use what tool to build with. This set of tools and knowledge should be enough to get you building most any project needed for your home. What Other Things Do I Need? You'll need a few more hand tools to help you in the building process - The basic hand tools will help you throughout the build - You'll use the tape measure to mark cuts, and also to layout the build.

- The finishing project makes a HUGE deal in the final look of your project. I use a random orbital sander to sand my projects. What Type of Wood to Use? At your home improvement store, ask for the "whitewood" boards, sometimes called common pine. I recommend starting with this type of wood because it is very inexpensive and easy to cut and drill or nail into (Detailed Woodworking Plans...).

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It is not plastic. If you buy kiln dried wood, and live in a dry climate or the project is indoors, just bring your wood into the room it will reside in, and let it acclimate for a day or two. Then get building. On a project like the ten dollar ledges, you won't have to worry about wood shrinkage so much.

3/4" thick plywood is 3/4" thick. When working with plywood, there are three main sizes that come off the shelf - Plywood size Dimensions Full Sheet 4 feet x 8 feet Half Sheet 4 feet x 4 feet Quarter Sheet 2 feet x 4 feet 3/4" thick plywood can be substituted for 1x boards (since both are 3/4" thick).

While you probably wouldn't do this to make smaller boards, this comes in very handy when you need a board wider than a 1x12 (for example 16" deep shelving). Building a Workbench Having a dedicated workbench will change everything about building. It's like cooking without a kitchen. You need a spot to build, to store your tools.